International Mountain Day is an opportunity to create awareness about the importance of mountains to life, to highlight the opportunities and constraints in mountain development and to build partnerships that will bring positive change to the world’s mountains and highlands - United Nations
This is a day coordinated by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). It has been celebrated annually on the 11th of December since 2003, to promote awareness, respect and love for our mountains.
Mountains cover over 25% of the world's surface and many of them have their own ecosystems, which can change not only the mountain itself, but the area surrounding it. For the people who live in these mountainous regions, this is more important than most.
I recently saw the effects of human impact first hand, whilst climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. My guides told me that around 85% of the glacial ice at the summit of Kilimanjaro had melted away between 1912 and 2011 and that the rest could be gone by 2030... That is a very scary thought. Some of these glaciers are around 11,700 years old...
I'm not writing a post on climate change, as I am by no means an expert on the subject, but I flew home and read about this, and it seems to be down to global warming and deforestation.
In order to raise awareness of how important mountains really are, I thought I would create a special Mountain Monday post this week...
10 Facts About Mountains
2. The world's highest unclimbed mountain is Gangkhar Puensum in Bhutan. It's the 40th highest peak in the world.
3. The highest mountain we know about is volcanic and situated on Mars. Olympus Mons is three times the height of Mount Everest.
4. Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth at 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
5. The 7 summits are the highest peaks on each continent, and seen as a challenge by many.
7. A lot of the world's coffee is grown and produced on the slopes of mountains because they have the perfect climate.
8. Mountainous regions are home to 13% of the world’s population - United Nations
9. Mountains provide clean drinking water, energy and food for many. Most of the world's fresh water comes from them, and cities including New York, Rio and Nairobi are entirely dependent on this water source.
10. For every 1,000ft of altitude, the boiling point of water reduces by 1°C.
At the summit of Mont Blanc (15,777 feet) water will boil at around 84.4°C.
At the summit of Everest it boils at 70°C.
At 75,000ft it would boil at room temperature.
Want to know more about what mountains do for us?
Check out the FAO Key Messages for International Mountain Day here!
If you want to get involved, all of the information is here!