A day coordinated by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), it has been celebrated annually on the 11th of December since 2003, to promote awareness, respect and love for our mountains.
Mountains cover over 25% of the world's surface and many of them have their own ecosystems, which can change not only the mountain itself, but the area surrounding it. For the people who live in these mountainous regions, this is more important than most.
This year's theme is Mountains under Pressure: climate, hunger, migration.
In the Alps this summer, I found the same story to be true. The Mer de Glace has retreated by more than 2km from its 1850 position, when it was so large that it reached Chamonix. Almost every year for the past 30, it has lost 3-5m from the bottom.
I'm not writing a post on climate change, as I am by no means an expert on the subject, but you can't see things like this, in environments you spend time in, and not be shocked at what is happening.
International Mountain Day is an opportunity to create awareness about the importance of mountains to life, to highlight the opportunities and constraints in mountain development and to build partnerships that will bring positive change to the world’s mountains and highlands - United Nations
So why are mountains important?
Mountain tourism accounts for about 15–20% of the global tourism industry and these regions are home to 13% of the world’s population (almost 1 billion people). If you consider that and truly think about it, it's extraordinary. Add in to that the fact that 1 in 3 people living in mountainous regions in developing countries are vulnerable to food insecurity and facing poverty and you begin to see the global impact.
Mountains provide clean drinking water, energy and food for over half of the world's population as well. Most of the world's fresh water comes from them, and cities including New York, Rio and Nairobi are entirely dependent on this water source.
Drink coffee? Thank the mountains - A vast amount of the world's coffee is grown and produced on the slopes of mountains because they have the perfect climate.
"Of the 20 plant species that supply 80% of the world's food, six originated and have been diversified in mountains: maize, potatoes, barley, sorghum, quinoa, tomatoes and apples" - UN FAO
Climate change, variability and climate related disasters, combined with political, economic and social issues have increased the vulnerability of people living in mountainous areas.
'About 39% of the mountain population in developing countries, or 329 million people, is estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity" - UN FAO
If you want to get involved with Mountain Monday then click this link for all information!